By Donald Craig Mitchell
The never-before-told tale of Indian Casinos in America
In 2015, 239 Indian tribes operated 478 casinos, high-stakes bingo halls, and different playing amenities on Indian reservations in 28 states that jointly earned $28.5 billion in gross gaming profit. How did Indian playing turn into the sort of profitable and standard fixture of the yank panorama? In Wampum, Donald Craig Mitchell tells the never-before-told story.
In 1979, the Mafia opened the nation's first high-stakes Indian bingo corridor at the Seminole reservation in Florida. 9 years later, Indian tribes have been working bingo halls on reservations in 23 states. Congress enacted the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act to topic playing on reservations to law by way of the government and the states within which the reservations have been positioned. yet, whereas individuals of Congress who voted for the invoice did not intend for it to take action, the act facilitated the transformation of Indian bingo halls into what they're today—Las Vegas-style casinos whose gaming flooring include greater than 352,000 video slot and different gaming machines.
On Capitol Hill, Donald Craig Mitchell is a well-known specialist on Indian legislations and background, and the single researcher who had early entry to the files of the committees whose individuals and employees wrote the debts that grew to become the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. In Wampum, he deals readers the 1st entire examine the forces in Congress and contained in the Bureau of Indian Affairs that experience created the Indian gaming industry.
Read or Download Wampum: How Indian Tribes, the Mafia, and an Inattentive Congress Invented Indian Gaming and Created a $28 Billion Gambling Empire PDF
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Additional resources for Wampum: How Indian Tribes, the Mafia, and an Inattentive Congress Invented Indian Gaming and Created a $28 Billion Gambling Empire
Wampum: How Indian Tribes, the Mafia, and an Inattentive Congress Invented Indian Gaming and Created a $28 Billion Gambling Empire by Donald Craig Mitchell